2013/59 EURATOM DIRECTIVE - Radoff
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On 17 January 2014, the European Council Directive 2013/59 / Euratom of December 2013 was published, which establishes the basic safety standards relating to protection against the dangers deriving from exposure to ionizing radiation. The directive, once implemented, by February 6, 2018, will have a significant impact on the legislation concerning exposure to radon in the workplace. Furthermore, residential environments (dwellings) will also be considered in the field of application for the first time.

The main changes introduced with the new Directive 2013/59 / Euratom concern the introduction of reference levels lower than the action levels indicated by the Italian legislation for the workplace.iStock 480985277

In Italy the relevant legislation (Legislative Decree No. 241/2000, implementing Directive 96/29 / Euratom on the protection of the health of the population and workers against the risks deriving from ionizing radiation) has set a reference level of 500 Bq / m³. Other EU countries, among which the United Kingdom and Germany have instead adopted lower reference values: 200 Bq / m³, 250 Bq / m³.

Article 74 of Directive 2013/59 requires Member States to establish national reference levels for indoor radon concentrations. The reference levels for the annual average of the concentration of activity in the air must not exceed 300 Bq / m³.

It therefore means that all European states must impose the mandatory measurement of all buildings (including dwellings) and if the threshold exceeds the permitted limits it is mandatory to find remediation solutions.

The states will also have to promote interventions aimed at identifying homes that have radon concentrations (as an annual average) above the reference level and, if appropriate, encourage, with technical or other means, measures to reduce radon concentration in such homes.
Article 103 (Radon Action Plan) requires Member States to define a national action plan that addresses the long-term risks due to radon exposures in homes, public buildings and workplaces for any radon source, be it soil, building materials or water.